Melibe viridis (Kelaart, 1858) [Meliboea]

Click the thumbnail photos to enhance!

Melibe viridis is characterized by a greenish tan colour and by multibranched papillae and dark rounded tubercles at the base of the cerata.
The most unique attribute of the genus Melibe and so of Melibe viridis is their method of feeding. They have no radular teeth and but have developed the oral veil into a large veil or "fish net" which they use to constantly scan the substrate as they crawl along. When the sensitive papillae on the inner edge of the oral veil touch a small crab or crustacean the edge of the veil is rapidly contracted, trapping the prey, which is then ingested.
The specimen #4 was posted on 28 May 2004 at these websites as Melibe mirifica (Allan, 1932) [Propemelibe], considered as a valid species by
Gosliner (1987), but was synonymised by Gosliner & Smith ( 2003), with Melibe viridis:
"We therefore consider P. mirifica to be a junior synonym of M. viridis." and "We agree with Rudman and consider M. fimbriata, M. vexillifera and M. mirifica all to represent junior synonyms of M. viridis."
This species was posted on 13 December 2003 at these websites as Melibe viridis  Kelaart, 1858, I changed it
on 1 December 2017 into Melibe viridis (Kelaart, 1858) [Meliboea]. Kelaart (1858) described it (page 113) in the genus Meliboea (with the ‘oe’ fused together). Dr. Richard C. Willan writes (pers. comment:"A genus of nudibranchs was introduced by Forbes (1838) as Melibaea (with the ‘ae’ fused together). The Commission (1964: Opinion 697) concluded this was a misspelling for the genus name Melibe Rang (1829), and deemed the correct spelling of Forbes as Melibaea (Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 21: 97) with Meliboea as a synonym."
GOSLINER, T. 1987. Review of the nudibranch genus Melibe (Opisthobranchia:Dendronotacea) with a description of two new species.
The Veliger 29(4):400 - 414.
Gosliner T.M. & Smith V.G. (2003) Systematic review and phylogenetic analysis of the nudibranch genus Melibe (Opisthobranchia: Dendronotacea) with descriptions of three new species.
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, (4) 54(18): 302 - 356. [31 July 2003], available online
at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/scipubs/pdfs/v54/proccas_v54_n18.pdf
Kelaart, E. F. (1858). Description of new and little known species of Ceylon nudibranchiate molluscs, and zoophytes.
Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 3(1): 84-139.,
available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43940429
More information on Melibe viridis are on Bill Rudman's Sea-Slug Forum!
How to cite:
Köhler, E. (2019), published 15 October 2019, Melibe viridis (Kelaart, 1858)
available from https://www.Philippine-Sea-Slugs.com/Nudibranchia/Cladobranchia/Melibe_viridis.htm


RETURN with the
of your browser